Cerebral Palsy: Cerebral palsy is a group of disorders with many different causes. It can begin in the womb and continue to develop throughout the first two years of a child’s life. Some forms of cerebral palsy can occur as a result of oxygen deprivation. Some forms are attributable to head injuries, brain bleeding, or infection. Cerebral palsy can affect a child’s speech, movement, and learning functions.
Brachial Plexus Injuries: During birth, a child may become lodged in the birth canal or the infant may be twisted or contorted in a manner that twists his or her head, neck, shoulder, or arm in a manner that causes damage. Often, this damage occurs to a network of nerves running between the neck, arms, and spine, known as the brachial plexus. Damages to the brachial plexus can have a range of side effects including permanent impairment. In extreme cases there can be complete immobility of the arm forever.
Umbilical Cord Compression: The umbilical cord supplies oxygen and nutrients to the baby in utero. If there is a serious issue with the umbilical cord, it can cause serious injuries to the child as a result of impairing the developmental process and, unfortunately, in some cases, umbilical cord issues can lead to the death of the child. One common umbilical cord issue is a prolapse. When an umbilical cord prolapses, the cord will begin moving down the birthing canal during labor. This may cause the cord to be unable to perform properly and deprive the child of oxygen attributable to compression.